What Is Sickle Cell Disease?

Microscopic image of red blood cells
Sickle cell anemia affects the red blood cells. About one in every 600 Blacks is born with sickle cell, and one in 12 blacks carry the sickle cell trait.

But what is sickle cell anemia?

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Blood 101

Normal red blood cells are smooth and round like doughnuts. They move easily through blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body.