Kidney Disease in African Americans

senior man sitting in chair, with hand on headKidney Disease in African Americans

  • African Americans are four times more likely to develop kidney failure than
    Caucasians.1
  • African Americans make up 12 percent of the population but account for 30
    percent of people with kidney failure.1
  • Diabetes and high blood pressure account for about 70 percent of kidney
    failure in African Americans.1
  • A recent NKDEP survey of African Americans found that only 17 percent named
    kidney disease as a consequence of diabetes, and only eight percent named it as
    a consequence of high blood pressure.2
  • African American males ages 22 – 44 are 20 times more likely to develop
    kidney failure due to high blood pressure than Caucasian males in the same age
    group.1
  • Forty-five percent of African American men with kidney failure received late
    referrals to nephrologists. In some cases people were not aware they had a
    problem until they needed dialysis.3

Kidney Disease in the United States

  • Approximately 20 million Americans have kidney disease. The number of people
    diagnosed with kidney disease has doubled each decade for the last two
    decades.1
  • In 2001, there were about 400,000 people who had kidney failure, which
    requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive. By 2010, an estimated
    661,330 individuals will have kidney failure.1
  • The annual cost of treating patients with kidney failure in the U.S. is more
    than $20 billion.1
  • In 2000, about the same number of people died with kidney failure as with
    breast cancer and prostate cancer combined.4