HIV Infection and AIDS: An Overview

blood test that reads positive for HIVAIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) was first reported in the United
States in 1981 and has since become a major worldwide epidemic. AIDS is caused
by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). By killing or damaging cells of the
body’s immune system, HIV progressively destroys the body’s ability to fight
infections and certain cancers. People diagnosed with AIDS may get