(BlackDoctor.org) — Type 1 diabetes may not be as common as type 2 diabetes, but it does not mean that this should not be given the same amount of attention.
Type 1 diabetes happens because the pancreas is unable to produce insulin, or even if it is able to do that at all, the amount of insulin is not enough. Insulin, as you must know is a hormone that is responsible in converting glucose into energy.
Normally, the insulin breaks down glucose in the blood and the essential nutrients are then distributed in the blood stream. Unfortunately, what happens with diabetes is that instead of getting the essential nutrients, the cells become starved because excess glucose is excreted out of the body through the urinary system.
Such being the case, people with type 1 diabetes may present the following signs and symptoms:
There may also be:
nausea and vomiting
frequent skin infections, UTI, vaginal infections
It is not really clear what causes type 1 diabetes, but genetics and environmental factors seem to be linked to this diabetes type. According to some studies, there is a virus that seem to attack the pancreas, rendering it unable to produce insulin.
It is also said that type 1 diabetes occurs usually before the age of 20, the reason why it is called juvenile diabetes.
People with type 1 diabetes often need insulin injections to control the problem. The type of insulin you need depends on your body’s response to insulin, your lifestyle, your willingness to do the injections and monitor your blood sugar level,
and your age. Insulin may be fast acting, intermediate acting, short acting or long acting.
Close monitoring is very important if you are taking insulin injections for type 1 diabetes; that is why it is often recommended of diabetics to use a blood sugar monitoring device. This way they get to check their blood sugar levels
at random times.