Diabetes And Obesity

obese man eating whole pizza(BlackDoctor.org) Obesity has reached near epidemic proportions in the United States. Obesity rate are high among African Americans, particularly African American women. The risk of diabetes is significantly related to obesity.

Cultural changes in food preparation and family meals likely play a role in the problem. In 1934, all food was prepared from scratch and was largely consumed based on seasonal harvests. The advent of frozen food in 1954 opened up a wider array of food choices, and the introduction of the microwave oven in 1974 meant that children could take a far more active role in choosing and preparing foods without parental guidance.

Adding to this problem is the recent trend of eating food that has been prepared outside the home. National food surveys show that about 30 percent of family meals nationwide are fixed outside the home, regardless of family income. Such meals often are higher in calories and fat and contain larger portions than those prepared at home

Results from studies indicate that there is a relationship between obesity and the increased risk of diabetes. Diabetes is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. It is estimated that 14 million Americans had diabetes in 1995 and that number is expected to increase to 22 million in the year 2025. Diabetes is a major health problem for African Americans for whom the prevalence rate is 1.6 times the rate for whites.

When we eat, our bodies break food down into organic compounds, one of which is glucose.