doctor with arms folded around chest( — Hallucinations and delusions are two
telltale signs of schizophrenia. According to research or other evidence, the
following self-care steps may be helpful in managing this serious mental

What You Need To Know:

  • Go for the glycine
    With a healthcare professional’s
    supervision, help improve symptoms such as depression with daily use of this
    nutritional supplement; take 0.8 grams for every 2.2 pounds (1 kg) of body
  • Rest easy with melatonin
    Improve sleep quality and
    duration with this natural hormone; take 2 mg of a controlled-release
    preparation before bedtime
  • Try megadose vitamin therapy
    Work with a healthcare
    professional knowledgeable in nutritional treatment of schizophrenia to find out
    whether large amounts of vitamin B3, B6, or C improves symptoms
  • Find a fix for low folic acid levels
    Visit your
    healthcare provider to determine if your blood is low in folic acid, and if 10
    to 20 mg a day of this vitamin might help improve symptoms
  • Uncover food sensitivities
    Work with a nutritionist to
    follow a gluten-free, dairy-free diet that may help improve responses to

These recommendations are not comprehensive and are not intended to replace
the advice of your doctor or pharmacist. Continue reading the full schizophrenia
article for more in-depth, fully-referenced information on medicines, vitamins,
herbs, and dietary and lifestyle changes that may be helpful.

Dietary changes that may be

For many years there has been speculation that
certain dietary proteins may contribute to the symptoms of schizophrenia.1 2 3
Gluten, a protein from wheat and some other grains, and to a lesser extent
casein, a dairy protein, have been the targets of research on food sensitivities
as contributors to schizophrenia.4 People with schizophrenia have been shown to
be more likely to have immune reactions to these proteins, than the general
population.5 A preliminary trial of a gluten-free/dairy-free diet found that
patients with schizophrenia improved on the diet and had shorter hospital stays
than those eating normal diets.6 The results of double-blind trials, however,
have been inconsistent. The gluten-free/dairy-free diet improved responses to
medications in one controlled trial.7 These improvements were lost and symptoms
of schizophrenia were aggravated when gluten was re-introduced in a “blinded”
fashion. Another clinical trial found similar positive responses in only 8% of
patients.8 Other controlled trials have found no improvement when gluten and
dairy were removed from the diet.9 10 In one clinical trial, blinded
reintroduction of gluten appeared to cause improvement of symptoms.11 These
results suggest that some, but not all, people with schizophrenia may benefit
from a gluten-free/dairy-free diet.

Lifestyle changes that may be helpful
Exercise has long been recognized
for its benefits in treating mild to moderate depression and there is some
evidence that it may also be helpful in reducing anxiety.12 In one reported
case, physical activity improved the functioning of a man diagnosed with
schizophrenia.13 In another reported case, aggressive outbursts in a
schizophrenic patient were reduced after he began exercising.14 A preliminary
trial of an exercise program for hospitalized psychiatric patients with varying
diagnoses resulted in significantly reduced symptoms of depression and an
insignificant trend towards reduced anxiety.15 Additional research is needed to
determine the specific benefits of exercise in people with schizophrenia.

Other therapies
counseling or electroconvulsive therapy (electrical current applied to the
brain) may also be recommended.