The 6 Types Of Ovarian Cysts (And What You Can Do About Them)

African American Black woman sad serious using a laptop in her living roomOvarian cysts are small, fluid-filled sacs that can develop with a woman’s ovaries. Although most ovarian cysts are benign and will disappear on their own, their spontaneous rupture can be painful and sometimes necessitate medical treatment.

When do they occur?

Ovarian cysts are most likely to occur during the childbearing years, and the majority of these types of cysts are benign (non-cancerous). Women with ovarian cysts who are past the age of menopause are known to be at a higher risk for developing ovarian cancer.

What are the common forms of ovarian cysts?

The most common types of ovarian cysts are known as functional cysts.

One type of functional cyst is known as a follicle cyst, and these occur when the sac containing an unfertilized egg does not break open to release the egg. The cyst continues to grow and eventually disintegrates on its own within several months.

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The second type of functional cyst is known as a corpus luteum cyst. In this situation, the sac releases the egg but the sac seals itself following the release of the egg and begins to fill with fluid. Corpus luteum cysts have been known to grow to 3 or 4 inches in diameter and can be quite painful. Certain medications used to encourage ovulation may predispose some women to developing corpus luteum cysts.

There are four other types of ovarian cysts .

Endometriomas: These ovarian cysts form in women who have underlying endometriosis. They are most often painful during menstruation and intercourse.

Cystadenomas: These care cysts that form on the outer surface of the ovary, and may be painful.

Polycystic ovaries: This condition occurs when eggs mature within their sacs but are never released from the ovaries. More and more cysts form and grow, and the ovaries then contain many of these fluid-filled cysts. Polycystic ovary syndrome has many symptoms and necessitates further investigation and potential treatment.

Dermoid cysts: These cysts can become quite large, and may contain many types of cells, including hair and teeth. They are not humanoid in any way, but the notion of a cyst with hair, teeth and other tissues growing within a woman’s body can be disconcerting.

What are the symptoms?

Some ovarian cysts cause no symptoms whatsoever and will resolve spontaneously. Others will cause various symptoms and necessitate treatment and symptom management. Potential symptoms include, but are not limited to:

    • Pressure or pain in the abdomen
    • Nausea and vomiting…