STUDY: Cocaine May Increase Stroke Risk Within 24 Hours Of Use
According to research presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2014, cocaine greatly increases ischemic stroke risk in young adults within 24 hours of use.
There are two types of strokes: hemorrhagic, which is when a blood vessel bursts in the brain, and ischemic, when a blood vessel becomes blocked preventing blood flow to the brain.
The study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Department of Veterans Affairs, was initiated to understand what factors contribute to stroke risk in young adults.
“Cocaine use is one of the risk factors we investigated and we were surprised at how strong an association there is between cocaine and stroke risk in young adults. We found the stroke risk associated with acute cocaine use is much higher than some other stroke risk factors, such as diabetes, high blood pressure and smoking, ” said Yu-Ching Cheng, Ph.D., research scientist at Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center and assistant professor of medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.