Breathing toxic fumes isn’t safe for anyone, but pollution in the environment may harm children more than adults. Growing children eat more, drink more and breathe more in proportion to their body size compared to adults. Thus, children face the biggest health risks from indoor and outdoor pollutants, including environmental pollutants that can trigger asthma attacks.
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Asthma is a leading chronic disease affecting children. About 6.5 million children in the United States have asthma. It is a major reason for children going to the hospital or being absent from school. .
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), children are twice as likely to be hospitalized for asthma and are four times as likely to die from asthma as white children.
Although there is no cure for asthma, you can help your child manage their asthma by knowing their triggers – things that can bring on asthma symptoms (e.g., wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, etc.) and how to avoid them.
Common indoor triggers include:
- Secondhand cigarette smoke
- Pet fur and feathers
- Household sprays
- Nitrogen dioxide (from gas appliances)
- Dust mites
Common outdoor triggers include:
- Factory smoke
- Car emissions
What You Can Do