Heavy Industry Linked To Lung Cancer Risk In Women


    Women who have lived near heavy industry for a long time appear to have an
    increased risk of lung cancer, according to results of a study published in the
    medical journal Thorax.

    “The incidence of
    lung cancer among women is high in the highly industrialized area of Teesside in
    northeast England,” Dr. Richard Edwards, of the University of Otago, Wellington,
    New Zealand, and colleagues write. “Previous research has implicated industrial
    pollution as a possible cause.”

    The researchers
    therefore studied 204 women younger than 80 years of age who had primary lung
    cancers and 339 women in the same age group who did have lung cancer and also
    lived in the Teesside district. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were
    used to obtain histories on residence, occupation and smoking.

    The risk of lung
    cancer among women who lived near (within 0 to 5 km) heavy industry for longer
    than 25 years was more than twice as high as the risk in those who never lived
    near heavy industry.

    After accounting for
    the effects of age and other potential risk factors, the risk was still almost
    twice as high for women who lived near heavy industry longer than 25 years. The
    greatest effect on risk was seen after the data were adjusted for the effects of
    smoking.

    “These findings support those in much of the international literature of
    an increased risk of lung cancer with prolonged residence close to heavy
    industry,” Edwards and colleagues conclude. “The effect of air pollution on the
    incidence of lung cancer merits continued study.”

    Follow

    Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

    Join 810 other followers