The Diabetes Epidemic Among African Americans
(BlackDoctor.org) — WHAT IS DIABETES?
• Diabetes is a group of diseases
marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin
production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can lead to serious complications
and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the
disease and lower the risk of complications.
• Diabetes is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the
United States. Total health care and
related costs for the treatment of
diabetes run about $132 billion annually.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF DIABETES?
• Type 1 diabetes (formerly
called juvenile diabetes) results when the body’s immune system attacks and
destroys its own insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. People with type
1 diabetes must have insulin delivered by injection or a pump. Symptoms of type
1 diabetes – increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss,
blurred vision, and extreme fatigue – usually develop over a short period of
time. If type 1 diabetes is not diagnosed and treated, a person can lapse into a
life-threatening coma. Type 1 diabetes accounts for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed
cases of diabetes.