Heart disease is a killer, but you can do plenty to reduce your risk and prolong your life. Research shows that making lifestyle changes can lower your risk for heart disease.
Adopting heart-healthy habits over the next 12 weeks will start you on the road to better health and a longer life.
Week 1: Commit to getting fit.
The American Heart Association (AHA) reports that a large number of deaths each year result from not getting regular physical activity. Try to start exercising 3 times a week. Be sure to check with your doctor first if you haven’t been exercising regularly. Build to 150 minutes weekly of moderate activity. The more you can exercise, the greater the benefit to your health.
Week 2: Stop smoking.
You can have the most positive impact on your heart health by quitting smoking. It’s also one of the hardest changes to make, so sign up for a smoking cessation program. If you don’t smoke, make an effort to avoid secondhand smoke. Being around smoke can increase your risk for heart disease.
Week 3: Eat less fat.
Fat is the most concentrated form of energy and calories. Cutting back on fat helps you lose weight and reduces your risk for heart disease and some forms of cancer.
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Week 4: Limit how much saturated fat you eat.
Lowering the amount of saturated fat in your diet is one of the best ways to lower your cholesterol. Saturated fats are the main contributor to heart disease. These fats are usually solid at room temperature. They are found mostly in butter, lard, and animal fats.
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Week 5: Reduce your cholesterol.
This week, try to reduce your daily cholesterol to 200 mg. All animal products contain cholesterol. For the healthiest choices, pick fish and skinless chicken instead of fatty cuts of red meat. They contain much less cholesterol.
Week 6: Eat less salt.
The average American age 2 or older has twice the recommended amount of sodium per day. Most sodium comes from salt added during food processing. Salt added at the table and in cooking is only a small portion of the total sodium that Americans consume. The AHA recommends that all Americans limit their sodium intake to 2,400 mg per day. Leave the saltshaker off the table and eat fewer processed foods.
Week 7: Eat more fiber.
Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains contain dietary fiber. Depending on your recommended daily calories, work up to