What’s the correlation between BMI and Diabetes risk? With Dr. James R. Gavin
While there’s a general correlation between BMI and diabetes risk, there’s also a correlation between the distribution of body fat and diabetes. And it just so happens that the strongest correlations are the correlations between upper body fat and diabetes risk.
Black women tend to have lower body fat, we tend to be more hippie than [unclear 00:35] you know, and so in some ways even though we may have a tendency among our women to have higher BMIs, it doesn’t necessarily translate into a greater risk for diabetes.
Okay, it’s really in the presence of strong family history, then coupled with an increase in your BMI or your body weight, especially if you start developing upper body or waist thickness, because those are the high-risk situation you
Control Your Diabetes to Avoid Nerve Damage
Poor diabetes control can lead to diabetic neuropathies—damage to the nerves in the body. Nerves are the messengers in our body that communicate pain, temperature, and other information between our body and the brain. Their nourished tiny blood vessels are easily damaged by the effects of diabetes. There are two common types of nerve damage seen in diabetes.
Peripheral neuropathy, the most common type of diabetic neuropathy, causes pain or loss of feeling in the toes, feet, legs, hands, and arms. Nerve damage in the feet makes them sensitive to pain, so you may have blisters, corns, or sores you don’t even feel.
These minor injuries can become bigger infections that can lead to the bone and require amputation. African-Americans are much more likely to suffer lower limb amputation than white or Hispanic Americans with diabetes.
The second common neuropathy is called autonomic neuropathy. This type of nerve damage causes changes in digestion, bowel and bladder function, perspiration, and sex response.
Damage to nerves in the sexual organs, causing difficulty for both men and women to experience normal sexual response. In men, the nerve damage can cause erectile dysfunction. In women, it leads to difficulty with arousal, lubrication, and orgasm.
Autonomic neuropathy can also affect the nerves that