(BlackDoctor.org) — Type 1 diabetes may not be as common as type 2 diabetes, but it does not mean that this should not be given the same amount of attention.
Type 1 diabetes happens because the pancreas is unable to produce insulin, or even if it is able to do that at all, the amount of insulin is not enough. Insulin, as you must know is a hormone that is responsible in converting glucose into energy.
Normally, the insulin breaks down glucose in the blood and the essential nutrients are then distributed in the blood stream. Unfortunately, what happens with diabetes is that instead of getting the essential nutrients, the cells become starved because excess glucose is excreted out of the body through the urinary system.
Such being the case, people with type 1 diabetes may present the following signs and symptoms:
There may also be:
nausea and vomiting
frequent skin infections, UTI, vaginal infections
It is not really clear what causes type 1 diabetes, but genetics and environmental factors seem to be linked to this diabetes type. According to some studies, there is a virus that seem to attack the pancreas, rendering it unable to produce insulin.
It is also said that type 1 diabetes occurs usually before the age of 20, the reason why it is called juvenile diabetes.
People with type 1 diabetes often need insulin injections to control the problem. The type of insulin you need depends on your body’s response to insulin, your lifestyle, your willingness to do the injections and monitor your blood sugar level,
and your age. Insulin may be fast acting, intermediate acting, short acting or long acting.
Close monitoring is very important if you are taking insulin injections for type 1 diabetes; that is why it is often recommended of diabetics to use a blood sugar monitoring device. This way they get to check their blood sugar levels
at random times.
Controlling type 1 diabetes is very important because uncontrolled diabetes can lead to more serious diseases, such as retinopathy, kidney damage, and diabetic ketoacidosis which can be fatal. Controlling diabetes can be achieved through insulin injections, but diabetics are nonetheless advised to embark on a healthy lifestyle, that means eating the right foods and engaging in regular exercises.
Life with Diabetes
People who are recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are concerned about the kind of life they will have to live now that they are confirmed diabetics. One major issue is the need for insulin injections for life. Then there’s also the matter of avoiding sweets. For chocoholics and sweet lovers, having diabetes is tantamount to the end of the world, but of course, that should not be the case at all.
Yes, you may need some changes in your food choices, but keep in mind that fresh
fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are not only healthy – they are truly delicious, too!
The fact that you have diabetes should not dampen your mood at all. Strong family support is very important, and thankfully there are now many diabetes support groups that you can join to help you cope with diabetes better.
Diabetics can still live a long, normal and healthy life, even in the midst of type 1 diabetes.