COPD develops from lung damage caused by irritants such as smog, cigarette smoke, and chemical fumes. Wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing are all symptoms of COPD. The illness may be debilitating and significantly influence a person’s quality of life.
You may, however, employ the measures presented here to control COPD and enhance your quality of life.
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1. Quit smoking.
Because smoking is the major cause of COPD, quitting is the most important step in controlling the illness. Quitting smoking may delay the course of COPD and improve lung function. Nicotine replacement treatment and prescription drugs may aid with the withdrawal symptoms of smoking cessation.
Regular exercise may improve lung function and general fitness in people with COPD. Swimming, walking, and cycling are all effective aerobic exercises. Starting with low-intensity activities and progressively increasing the intensity over time is critical.
3. Pulmonary rehabilitation.
Pulmonary rehabilitation is a program that incorporates education, exercise, and counseling to assist people with COPD in managing their illnesses. It may help enhance lung function, alleviate symptoms, and improve a person’s capacity to do everyday tasks.
Several medications are available to aid in managing COPD. Bronchodilators with a quick acting time may be used to open up the airways and ease symptoms of shortness of breath. Long-acting bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids may be employed.
5. Oxygen treatment.
Some people with COPD may need oxygen therapy to help them breathe. Oxygen treatment may be delivered by nasal cannula or face mask. Working with a healthcare expert to identify the optimal oxygen flow rate and monitoring the treatment is recommended.
A healthy diet may help COPD patients improve their overall health and energy levels. A well-balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean protein is vital. It is also vital to drink enough water to keep hydrated.
7. Managing stress.
Stress may exacerbate COPD symptoms and make it more difficult to manage. Finding strategies to