VTE in the five years after their cancer diagnosis than those of the same age without prostate cancer.
“The magnitude of increased VTE risk among men with prostate cancer seen in our study is lower than that seen for other cancer types as seen in previous studies, and is likely attributable to the high proportion of men with localized disease and at low risk of cancer progression,” Lenz and colleagues said in a journal news release.
How to prevent blood clots
It is important to talk to your doctor about your risk and whether you need to take medications or other therapies to prevent blood clots. Some doctors may recommend that cancer patients receive preventive medication for blood clots any time they are hospitalized or before, during, and days after they have surgery. Regularly checking your risk of developing blood clots is also important.
If you are prescribed medicine to prevent or treat a blood clot, it will be important to prevent yourself from getting injured because even the smallest injury can cause you to bleed more than normal. Here are some things you can do to prevent small injuries, according to the American Cancer Society:
- Use an electric razor to shave, rather than a straight razor
- Use a soft toothbrush and brush gently to avoid making your gums bleed
- Do not use dental floss unless approved by your doctor
- Avoid blowing your nose forcefully, to avoid a nosebleed
- Avoid falls that could cause bruises; pick up loose throw rugs to avoid tripping
- Eat a healthy diet that includes fiber to avoid constipation. If you get constipated, talk to your cancer care team about using a stool softener. Do not use enemas or suppositories of any kind.
- Keep your head level with or above your heart (lie flat or stay upright)
Blood clots can be dangerous and life-threatening, therefore you should notify your doctor if you experience the following symptoms:
- Sudden chest pain
- Sudden leg or arm pain
- Swelling in the leg or arm
- Fast heart rate
- Shortness of breath
- A feeling of overwhelming dread or doom
- Sweating or fever
- Coughing up blood
Treatments for blood clots will be more effective if they are administered as soon as possible.