Weight & Waist Management

tape measure, water, and vegetablesBody Mass Index

 

 

BMI measures your weight in relation to
your height, and is closely associated with measures of body fat. You can
calculate your BMI using this formula:

BMI equals weight in pounds times 703 divided by height in inches squared

For example, for someone who is 5 feet, 7
inches tall and weighs 220 pounds, the calculation would look like
this:

BMI equals 220 pounds times 703 inches divided by 67 inches squared equals 154,660 divided by 4489 equals 34.45

Waist circumference Photo of a measuring tapeExcess weight, as measured by BMI, is not the only risk to your
health. So is the location of fat on your body. If you carry fat mainly around
your waist, you are more likely to develop health problems than if you carry fat
mainly in your hips and thighs. This is true even if your BMI falls within the
normal range. Women with a waist measurement of more than 35 inches or men with
a waist measurement of more than 40 inches may have a higher disease risk than
people with smaller waist measurements because of where their fat
lies.

To measure
your waist circumference, place a tape measure around your bare abdomen just
above your hip bone. Be sure that the tape is snug, but does not compress your
skin, and is parallel to the floor. Relax, exhale, and measure your waist.


How does overweight or obesity affect my health?

Extra
weight can put you at a higher risk for many health problems including type 2
diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

Extra weight
can put you at higher risk for these health problems:

type 2
diabetes (high blood sugar)

high blood
pressure

heart disease
and stroke

some types of
cancer

sleep apnea
(when breathing stops for short periods during sleep)

osteoarthritis (wearing away of the
joints)

gallbladder
disease

liver
disease

irregular
menstrual periods


What should I do if my BMI or waist measurement is too
high?

If your BMI
is between 25 and 30 and you are otherwise healthy, try to avoid gaining more
weight, and look into healthy ways to lose weight and increase physical
activity. Talk to your health care provider about losing weight if

your BMI is
30 or above, or

your BMI is
between 25 and 30 and you have:

two or m