(BlackDoctor.org) — Almost everyone will need to use a first aid kit at some time. Which is why everyone should take the time to prepare a kit to have immediately available.
First aid kits may be basic or comprehensive, and what each person needs depends on medical conditions and history, prior medical training, and distance from professional medical help.
Ready-made first aid kits are commercially available from chain stores or outdoor retailers. But you can make a simple and inexpensive first aid kit yourself.
First Aid Kits: What Should Be In Yours?
Home first aid kits are usually used for treating these types of minor traumatic injuries. You can buy all items for your first aid kits at a well-stocked drug store. Ask the pharmacist for help in selecting items.
Items in your first aid kit should generally include treatments for:
• Abrasions (scrapes)
• Nasal congestion
• Sore throat
• Mild pain
• Gastrointestinal problems
In addition to the above, most kits should also contain:
• Adhesive tape
• Anesthetic spray (Bactine) or lotion (Calamine, Campho-Phenique) — For itching rashes and insect bites
• 4″ x 4″ sterile gauze pads — For covering and cleaning wounds, as a soft eye patch
• 2″, 3″, and 4″ Ace bandages — For wrapping sprained or strained joints, for wrapping gauze on to wounds, for wrapping on splints.
• Adhesive bandages (all sizes)
• Oral antihistamines — diphenhydramine (Benadryl causes drowsiness) or loratadine (Claritin doesn’t cause drowsiness) — for allergic reactions, itching rashes. Avoid topical antihistamine creams because they may worsen the rash in some people.
• Exam gloves — For infection protection. They can also be made into ice packs if filled with water and frozen.