Nelson Mandela Suffers Lung Infection

Nelson Mandela in South AfricaSouth Africa’s former President Nelson Mandela is suffering from a recurring lung infection and is responding to medical treatments, the nation’s presidency said recently.

The ailing Mandela, 94, has been hospitalized since Saturday for medical tests at 1 Military Hospital near South Africa’s capital, Pretoria.

The announcement ended speculation about what was troubling the ailing anti-apartheid icon. Government officials had declined repeatedly to say what caused the nation’s military, responsible for Mandela’s care, to hospitalize the leader over the last few days. That caused growing concern in South Africa, a nation of 50 million people that largely reveres Mandela for being the nation’s first democratically elected president who sought to bring the country together after centuries of racial division.

The tests Mandela underwent at the hospital detected the lung infection, said presidential spokesman Mac Maharaj in a statement.

“Madiba is receiving appropriate treatment and he is responding to the treatment,” Maharaj said, referring to Mandela by his clan name as many do in South Africa in a sign of affection.

In January 2011, Mandela was admitted to a Johannesburg hospital for what officials initially described as tests but what turned out to be an acute respiratory infection. The chaos that followed Mandela’s stay at that public hospital, with journalists and the curious surrounding it and entering wards, saw the South African military take charge of his care and the government control the information about his health. In recent days many in the press and public have complained about the lack of concrete details that the government has released about Mandela’s condition.

Mandela has had a series of health problems in his life. He contracted tuberculosis during his years in prison and had surgery for an enlarged prostate gland in 1985. In 2001, Mandela underwent seven weeks of radiation therapy for prostate cancer, ultimately beating the disease.

In February, Mandela spent a night in a hospital for a minor diagnostic surgery to determine the cause of an abdominal complaint.

Mandela was a leader in the struggle against racist white rule in South Africa and for preaching reconciliation once he emerged from prison in 1990 after 27 years behind bars. He won South Africa’s first truly democratic elections in 1994, serving one five-year term. The Nobel laureate later retired from public life to live in his remote village of Qunu, in the Eastern Cape, and last made a public appearance when his country hosted the 2010 World Cup soccer tournament.

Mandela disengaged himself with the country’s politics fairly successfully over the last decade and has grown increasing frail in recent years.

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8 Ways To Unwind After Work

A businesswoman relaxing on her sofa with a cup of teaThe last thing you want to do when you get home from a long day of work is to do more work. Some days are more stressful than others so make sure you try to unwind and relax a little before continuing with your evening routine.

If you find it difficult to wind down after a demanding workday try these 8 tips to help you shift from office to home mode.

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Get Comfortable

As soon as you get in from work, change into different attire. This will have an immediate relaxing effect. Change into your most comfortable clothing once you get out of the shower. Pajamas are an excellent choice, especially if you get home from work late at night.

Take Time To Daydream

With instant access to information we seem to have lost the art of daydreaming. The daydreaming process is vital to the creativity process as well as reordering the working memory and rebalancing our energy levels.

Take Care Of Your Body

Exercising is an excellent way to re-energize your body after a tiresome day at work. If you have a sedentary job that requires sitting at a desk for long hours, choose a form of exercise that involves moving your legs, like walking or jogging. If your job keeps you on your feet for hours on end, choose a gentle exercise that you can perform while sitting down such as stretching or yoga.

Eat Well

Eat something nutritious and make sure of drinking plenty of water. Avoid junk food or having anything full of fats. Vegetables, fruits and juices can be the best energy sources after coming back from exhausting job. Try to make the process of cooking a goal in itself. Just make sure you don’t stress with cooking just because you have to. If you’re exhausted, you should consider ordering food just for this night. But don’t make it a habit! It’s not good for you in the long run.

Pamper Yourself

Fill a hot bath with aromatic bubbles, play a soothing CD or tape, get a good massage to relieve those tight, tense muscles, or allow your self to take a power nap.

Read

Crack open a book or magazine and escape into it. It is easy to get caught up only reading from a computer screen or e-reader. Flipping pages will give your eyes a much-needed break from the screen, and non work-related content will help you forget any office woes.

Call A Friend Or Family Member

No texting. This is about having an actual voice-to-voice conversation. Surprise someone you haven’t seen or spoken to in a while. Make a list of topics or open-ended questions beforehand if it would make you more comfortable. End the conversation when it’s dying down. End on a strong note. Feel good about reconnecting.

Switch Off An Hour Before Bedtime

Allow yourself at least 60mins technology free time before you go to bed to ‘unload’ the working memory before your head hits the pillow. This means not checking email or social networking before bedtime.

Never fall asleep with your laptop, iPad or smart phone switched on beside you. These measures will dramatically improve the quality of your sleep – you will need less REM (dreaming and information processing) sleep and have access to more nourishing, deep sleep.