Diabetes: Taking The Steps To Lower The Risk

diabetes

Lowering the Risk of Diabetes

Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People
with diabetes have problems converting food to energy. After a meal, food is
broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells
throughout the body. Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, to
help them process blood glucose into energy.

People develop type 2 diabetes because the cells in the muscles, liver, and
fat do not use insulin properly. Eventually, the pancreas cannot make enough
insulin for the body’s needs. As a result, the amount of glucose in the blood
increases while the cells are starved of energy. Over the years, high blood
glucose damages nerves and blood vessels, leading to complications such as heart
disease, stroke, blindness, kidney disease, nerve problems, gum infections, and
amputation.

How can type 2 diabetes be
prevented?