Refresh Yourself! Stop Smoking
Kicking the cigarette habit can be tough. Yet, many people like yourself have
managed to break free from cigarettes. They were ready to quit and planned ahead
to avoid cravings and temptations. And many people who have quit tried several
times before they succeeded. You can stop smoking too! Join the growing number
of African Americans who quit. This brochure offers tips that really work. Make
a plan that works for you and stick to it. Congratulations on taking this
important step to a healthy life.
When you stop smoking you:
- Lower your risk of:
- Heart disease
- Lung diseases like emphysema or bronchitis
- Having unhealthy babies
- Improve your chances for a longer and healthier life.
- Have fresher smelling clothes, hair, and breath.
- Save the money you used to buy cigarettes.
- Stop hurting those around you. The secondhand smoke from your cigarettes can
make your family and friends have more colds and asthma attacks. It can also put
them at risk for heart and lung diseases.
Pick a quit day within 2 to 4 weeks from today. This is the most important
day of your life. Set a quit date now.
Celebrate the Healthier You!
I will quit on ____________________(date).
Before you quit:
- Tell your family, friends, coworkers, pastor, and congregation. Ask them for
support and understanding.
- Write down the reasons you want to quit. Put a copy on the refrigerator
where you will see it each day.
- Throw out all your cigarettes, lighters, and ash trays.
- Do not buy any more cigarettes.
Make a plan to stay off cigarettes:
- Stay away from other tobacco products, such as cigars, pipes, and chewing
- At first, avoid places that make you want to smoke. Instead, plan to spend
time where smoking is not allowed, like the library, movie theaters, church,
department stores, or a museum.
- Review your past attempts to quit. Think about what worked and what did not.
- Reward yourself. Quitting can be hard work. Don¹t think of quitting as
giving something up. Rather, think of it as gaining good health. Treat yourself
to something special with the money you will be saving.
- Get other smokers in your household to join you in quitting.
Try these healthier substitutes for smoking:
- To keep your hands busy: Draw, write, read the paper, knit, work crossword
puzzles, polish your nails.
- Frustrated? Angry? Stressed out? Upset?: Relax, take a deep breath, walk
away. Talk with someone close to you, walk outside, exercise, listen to music.
- When you first get up in the morning: Brush your teeth, use mouthwash,
change your routine.
- While on the phone: Chew sugarless gum or drink water through a straw.
- After meals: Brush your teeth; call a friend; or sip a cup of hot tea.
- Going to a party or restaurant?: Do not order alcohol or fatty foods. Do
chew gum; drink lots of water; after dinner try flavored tea instead of coffee.
Use a combination of these three:
- Use the nicotine patch or gum. The patch or the gum helps slow down the urge
to smoke. This reduces the craving for nicotine when you stop smoking. Follow
the package directions when you use the patch or gum. Ask your doctor for
- Get support and encouragement. You may want to join a quit smoking program.
Seek advice from a health care provider.
- Learn how to handle stress and urges to smoke. Be aware of the things that
may cause you to want to smoke.
The nicotine in cigarettes is addictive. The first few weeks after you stop
smoking are the most difficult ones. Your body goes through nicotine withdrawal.
Stay focused. Soon you will be SMOKE-FREE. If you start smoking again, don¹t
give up. Slips are a chance to learn, not to give up. It takes practice to quit.
Celebrate your success: 1 week, 1 month, 1 year at a time.
- Keep a calendar and chart your success.
- Occasionally write down new reasons why you¹re glad you¹ve quit.
- Use the money you have saved to buy something you¹ve always wanted.
Most people gain weight after quitting. While it is hard to change a lot of
habits at one time, try going out for a walk after dinner. You¹ll avoid the urge
to reach for a cigarette after you eat, and you¹ll get some exercise.
My three most important reasons for wanting to
|Two people I can call to help me:|
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
National Institutes of Health
National Heart, Lung, and
NIH Publication No. 97-4065
Secondhand smoke, also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), is a
mixture of the smoke given off by the burning end of tobacco products
(sidestream smoke) and the smoke exhaled by smokers (mainstream smoke).
Secondhand smoke contains a complex mixture of more than 4,000 chemicals,
more than 50 of which are known or probable human cancer-causing agents
People are exposed to secondhand smoke in the home, workplace, and in public
venues such as bars, bowling alleys, and restaurants.
Secondhand smoke is associated with an increased risk for lung cancer and
coronary heart disease in nonsmoking adults. Secondhand smoke is a known human
carcinogen (cancer-causing agent).
Because their lungs are not fully developed, young children are particularly
susceptible to secondhand smoke. Exposure to secondhand smoke is associated with
an increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), asthma, bronchitis,
and pneumonia in young children.
An estimated 3,000 lung cancer deaths and more than 35,000 coronary heart
disease deaths occur annually among adult nonsmokers in the United States as a
result of exposure to secondhand smoke.
Each year, secondhand smoke is associated with an estimated 8,000–26,000 new
asthma cases in children. Annually an estimated 150,000–300,000 new cases of
bronchitis and pneumonia in children aged less than 18 months (7,500–15,000 of
which will require hospitalization) are associated with secondhand smoke
exposure in the United States.
Approximately 60% of non-smokers in the United States have biological
evidence of secondhand smoke exposure.
Among children aged less than 18 years, an estimated 22% are exposed to
secondhand smoke in their homes, with estimates ranging from 11.7% in Utah to
34.2% in Kentucky.