When you’re living with asthma, taking prescribed medication is the only way to keep your symptoms under control. In some cases, your medication can prevent a fatal event. As important as they are, though, the medication you take can have significant side effects that you need to manage.
10 Side Effects You Need To Know
1. Sore Throat
This issue is most common with inhaled corticosteroids. These types of drugs are usually given to people who are at risk for a severe asthma attack but don’t need hospitalization. Unfortunately, the medication can irritate your throat and mouth. Rinsing the mouth after using an oral corticosteroid can help to reduce your risk of a sore throat.
2. Oral Thrush
Once again, inhaled corticosteroids are the likely cause of this kind of oral infection. Over time, the irritating ingredients can leave your mouth susceptible to the fungus that leads to thrush. This can be easily treated with oral medication.
3. Decreased Bone Density
Studies show that high doses of steroids can reduce bone density and increase the risk of osteoporosis in adults. This is even more likely if you’ve been taking the medication for more than six months.
Doctors may prescribe short- and long-acting beta-agonists to control your symptoms. The short-acting medication works immediately while the long-acting ones typically work over a 12-hour period. While they’re effective, both of them can cause dizziness.
Headaches are another side effect of short and long-acting beta-agonists. This risk increases if you’re using your medication more often than recommended. Of course, doing that can mean that your medical regimen is no longer effective and you need a new one.
6. Weight Gain
Weight gain and fluid retention are typical side effects of steroids. These issues occur because steroids impact your metabolism as well as how your body stores fat and water. As a result, you might gain weight and notice swelling in your extremities.
7. High Blood Pressure
Fluid retention can negatively affect the balance of water and sodium in your body. As such, you may develop high blood pressure or your condition may get worse if you already have it.
8. Elevated Blood Sugar
This health problem is similar to what causes high blood pressure because steroids can impact the balance of