Crohn’s Disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract. It can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from mouth to anus.
Because the disease’s effects vary, people with the disease experience it differently. The cause is unknown, but believed to be due to a combination of environmental, immune, and bacterial factors in genetically susceptible individuals.
Signs and symptoms vary and can include defecation, fever, weight loss, abdominal pain, fatigue, and diarrhea. Most people experience these symptoms years before diagnosis, which is usually onset between 15 and 30 years of age (although it can occur at any age).
While there is no medication or surgical procedures that can cure Crohn’s, treatments can help alleviate symptoms and maintain remission. Several studies have found exercise to be an important part of managing Crohn’s, but because the disease affects its carriers differently, one fitness regimen does not fit all.