Secondary progressive MS (SPMS):
SPMS first appears to be like relapsing-remitting MS. However, some patients will become increasingly disabled and ultimately be diagnosed with this type. SPMS is also seen as active or inactive based on MRI results and the “accumulation of disability”.
Primary progressive MS (PPMS):
PPMS “is characterized by worsening neurologic function (accumulation of disability) from the onset of symptoms, without early relapses or remissions.” Active and inactive states can also occur in this type of MS. Approximately 15 percent of MS patients receive a diagnosis of PPMS.
The Symptoms of MS
As nerves are damaged by MS, the patient will have difficulty using or controlling affected parts of the body. According to the Mayo Clinic, the main symptoms of MS include:
- Numbness or weakness in one or more limbs, more often than not on one side of the body
- Feelings of “electric shock” when the neck is moved in certain ways
- Tingling in the extremities
- Tremors, poor coordination
- Loss of bladder, bowel control, and sexual function
- Difficulty walking
- Visual disturbances, including double vision, vision loss, or pain with eye movement
- Difficulty speaking
The options for treatment of MS have improved over time, yet there is still no cure.