Being diagnosed with cervical cancer can be overwhelming, and the thought of treatment can be daunting. However, understanding what to expect from treatment can help ease some of the anxiety. Here’s what you can expect.
Types of Treatment
There are several types of treatment for cervical cancer, and the type of treatment recommended will depend on the stage of the cancer and other factors, such as the patient’s overall health. The most common types of treatment include:
- Surgery: Surgery may be recommended for early-stage cervical cancer. The surgeon may remove the cancerous tissue or the entire uterus and cervix, depending on the extent of the cancer.
- Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy involves using high-energy X-rays or other forms of radiation to kill cancer cells. It may be used alone or in combination with other treatments.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves using drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be used alone or in combination with other treatments.
- Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy is a newer type of treatment that helps the immune system fight cancer. It may be used alone or in combination with other treatments.
Treatment for cervical cancer can cause side effects, and the type and severity of the side effects will depend on the type of treatment received.
Some common side effects of cervical cancer treatment include:
- Fatigue: Many patients experience fatigue during and after treatment.
- Nausea and vomiting: Chemotherapy and radiation therapy can cause nausea and vomiting.